Neonatology

2017-07-31T18:34:01+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Breast milk, Bronchopulmonary dysplasia, Preterm birth, Neonatal jaundice, Omphalitis of newborn, Gastroschisis, Newborn screening, Rh disease, Fetus, Hemolytic disease of the newborn, Perinatal mortality, Sepsis, Infant respiratory distress syndrome, Prenatal development, Kernicterus, Patent ductus arteriosus, Haemorrhagic disease of the newborn, Necrotizing enterocolitis, Neonatal intensive care unit, Erythema toxicum neonatorum, Meconium aspiration syndrome, Neonatal bowel obstruction, Neonatal sepsis, Neonatal lupus erythematosus, Neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy, Transient neonatal diabetes mellitus, Neonatal cholestasis, Neonatal conjunctivitis, Perinatal asphyxia, Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia, Neonatal withdrawal, Chignon (medical term), Germinal matrix hemorrhage, Benign familial neonatal seizures, Transposition of the great vessels, Transient tachypnea of the newborn, Neonatal tetanus, Hydrops fetalis, Persistent fetal circulation, Neonatal encephalopathy, Neonatal hepatitis, Neonatal infection, Neonatal hypoglycemia, Permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus, Large for gestational age, Neonatal teeth, Congenital hyperinsulinism, Sclerema neonatorum, Hemolytic disease of the newborn (ABO), Neonatal acne, Neonatal herpes simplex, Neonatal onset multisystem inflammatory disease, Small for gestational age, Wilson–Mikity syndrome flashcards Neonatology
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  • Breast milk
    Breast milk is the milk produced by the breasts (or mammary glands) of a human female for her baby.
  • Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
    Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD; formerly chronic lung disease of infancy) is a chronic lung disorder of infants and children first described in 1967.
  • Preterm birth
    Preterm birth, also known as premature birth, is the birth of a baby at less than 37 weeks gestational age.
  • Neonatal jaundice
    Neonatal jaundice or neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, or neonatal icterus (from the Greek word ἴκτερος), attributive adjective: icteric, is a yellowing of the skin and other tissues of a newborn infant.
  • Omphalitis of newborn
    Omphalitis of newborn is the medical term for inflammation of the umbilical cord stump in the neonatal newborn period, most commonly attributed to a bacterial infection.
  • Gastroschisis
    Gastroschisis represents a congenital defect characterised by a defect in the anterior abdominal wall through which the abdominal contents freely protrude.
  • Newborn screening
    Newborn screening is a public health program of screening in infants shortly after birth for a list of conditions that are treatable, but not clinically evident in the newborn period.
  • Rh disease
    Rh disease (also known as rhesus isoimmunisation, Rh (D) disease, rhesus incompatibility, rhesus disease, RhD hemolytic disease of the newborn, rhesus D hemolytic disease of the newborn or RhD HDN) is a type of hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN).
  • Fetus
    In human development, a fetus or foetus (/ˈfiːtəs/; plural fetuses or foetuses) is a prenatal human between the embryonic state and birth.
  • Hemolytic disease of the newborn
    Hemolytic disease of the newborn, also known as hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn, HDN, HDFN, or erythroblastosis fetalis, is an alloimmune condition that develops in a fetus, when the IgG molecules (one of the five main types of antibodies) produced by the mother pass through the placenta.
  • Perinatal mortality
    Perinatal mortality (PNM), also perinatal death, refers to the death of a fetus or neonate and is the basis to calculate the perinatal mortality rate.
  • Sepsis
    Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that arises when the body's response to infection injures its own tissues and organs.
  • Infant respiratory distress syndrome
    Infant respiratory distress syndrome (IRDS), also called neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, respiratory distress syndrome of newborn, or increasingly surfactant deficiency disorder (SDD), and previously called hyaline membrane disease (HMD), is a syndrome in premature infants caused by developmental insufficiency of pulmonary surfactant production and structural immaturity in the lungs.
  • Prenatal development
    Prenatal or antenatal development is the process in which a human embryo and later fetus (or foetus) develops during pregnancy, from fertilization until birth.
  • Kernicterus
    Kernicterus is a bilirubin-induced brain dysfunction.
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
    Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a condition wherein the ductus arteriosus fails to close after birth.
  • Haemorrhagic disease of the newborn
    Haemorrhagic disease of the newborn, also known as vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB), is a coagulation disturbance in newborn infants due to vitamin K deficiency.
  • Necrotizing enterocolitis
    Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a medical condition primarily seen in premature infants, where portions of the bowel undergo necrosis (tissue death).
  • Neonatal intensive care unit
    A neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), also known as an intensive care nursery (ICN), is an intensive care unit specializing in the care of ill or premature newborn infants.
  • Erythema toxicum neonatorum
    Erythema toxicum neonatorum (also known as erythema toxicum, urticaria neonatorum and toxic erythema of the newborn) is a common rash in neonates.
  • Meconium aspiration syndrome
    Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) also known as neonatal aspiration of meconium is a medical condition affecting newborn infants.
  • Neonatal bowel obstruction
    Neonatal bowel obstruction (NBO) or neonatal intestinal obstruction is the most common surgical emergency in the neonatal period.
  • Neonatal sepsis
    Neonatal sepsis is a type of neonatal infection and specifically refers to the presence in a newborn baby of a bacterial blood stream infection (BSI) (such as meningitis, pneumonia, pyelonephritis, or gastroenteritis) in the setting of fever.
  • Neonatal lupus erythematosus
    Neonatal lupus erythematosus is the occurrence of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) symptoms in an infant born from a mother with SLE, most commonly presenting with a rash resembling discoid lupus erythematosus, and sometimes with systemic abnormalities such as complete heart block or hepatosplenomegaly.
  • Neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy
    Neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy is an inborn error of peroxisome biogenesis.
  • Transient neonatal diabetes mellitus
    Transient neonatal diabetes mellitus (TNDM) is a form of diabetes mellitus presenting at birth that is not permanent.
  • Neonatal cholestasis
    Neonatal cholestasis defines persisting conjugated hyperbilirubinemia in the newborn with conjugated bilirubin levels exceeding 15% (5.0 mg/dL) of total bilirubin level.
  • Neonatal conjunctivitis
    Neonatal conjunctivitis, also known as ophthalmia neonatorum, is a form of conjunctivitis and a type of neonatal infection contracted by newborns during delivery.
  • Perinatal asphyxia
    Perinatal asphyxia, neonatal asphyxia or birth asphyxia is the medical condition resulting from deprivation of oxygen to a newborn infant that lasts long enough during the birth process to cause physical harm, usually to the brain.
  • Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia
    Neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAITP or NAIT or NATP or NAT for short; or fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia, FNAIT, feto-maternal alloimmune thrombocytopenia, FMAITP or FMAIT) is a disease that affects fetuses and newborns, in which the platelet count is decreased (a state known as thrombocytopenia).
  • Neonatal withdrawal
    Neonatal withdrawal or neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a withdrawal syndrome of infants, caused by the cessation of the administration of licit or illicit drugs.
  • Chignon (medical term)
    A chignon is a temporary swelling left on an infant's head after a ventouse suction cap has been used to deliver him or her.
  • Germinal matrix hemorrhage
    Germinal matrix hemorrhage is a bleeding into the subependymal germinal matrix with or without subsequent rupture into the lateral ventricle.
  • Benign familial neonatal seizures
    Benign familial neonatal seizures (BFNS), formerly called benign familial neonatal convulsions (BFNC), is a rare autosomal dominant inherited form of seizures.
  • Transposition of the great vessels
    Transposition of the great vessels (TGV) is a group of congenital heart defects involving an abnormal spatial arrangement of any of the great vessels: superior and/or inferior venae cavae, pulmonary artery, pulmonary veins, and aorta.
  • Transient tachypnea of the newborn
    Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN, TTNB, or "transitory tachypnea of newborn") is a respiratory problem that can be seen in the newborn shortly after delivery.
  • Neonatal tetanus
    Neonatal tetanus is a form of generalised tetanus that occurs in newborns.
  • Hydrops fetalis
    Hydrops fetalis is a condition in the fetus characterized by an accumulation of fluid, or edema, in at least two fetal compartments.
  • Persistent fetal circulation
    Persistent fetal circulation is a condition caused by a failure in the systemic circulation and pulmonary circulation to convert from the antenatal circulation pattern to the "normal" pattern.
  • Neonatal encephalopathy
    Neonatal encephalopathy (NE), also known as hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), is defined by signs and symptoms of abnormal neurological function in the first few days of life in an infant born at term.
  • Neonatal hepatitis
    Neonatal hepatitis is a form of hepatitis that affects the fetuses and neonates
  • Neonatal infection
    Neonatal infections are infections of the neonate (newborn) during the neonatal period or first four weeks after birth.
  • Neonatal hypoglycemia
    Neonatal hypoglycemia is a condition of decreased blood sugar or hypoglycemia in a neonate.
  • Permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus
    A newly identified and potentially treatable form of monogenic diabetes is the neonatal diabetes caused by activating mutations of the KCNJ11 gene, which codes for the Kir6.
  • Large for gestational age
    Large for gestational age (LGA) is an indication of high prenatal growth rate.
  • Neonatal teeth
    Natal teeth are teeth that are present above the gumline (have already erupted) at birth, and neonatal teeth are teeth that emerge through the gingiva during the first month of life (the neonatal period).
  • Congenital hyperinsulinism
    Congenital hyperinsulinism is a medical term referring to a variety of congenital disorders in which hypoglycemia is caused by excessive insulin secretion.
  • Sclerema neonatorum
    Sclerema neonatorum is a rare and severe skin condition that is characterized by diffuse hardening of the subcutaneous tissue with minimal inflammation.
  • Hemolytic disease of the newborn (ABO)
    In ABO hemolytic disease of the newborn (also known as ABO HDN) maternal IgG antibodies with specificity for the ABO blood group system pass through the placenta to the fetal circulation where they can cause hemolysis of fetal red blood cells which can lead to fetal anemia and HDN.
  • Neonatal acne
    Neonatal acne (also known as "Acne infantum", "Acne neonatorum", and "Neonatal cephalic pustulosis" (not to be confused with "Benign cephalic histiocytosis")) is an acneiform eruption that occurs in newborns or infants, and is often seen on the nose and adjacent portions of the cheeks.
  • Neonatal herpes simplex
    Neonatal herpes simplex is a rare but serious condition, usually caused by vertical transmission of herpes simplex virus from mother to newborn.
  • Neonatal onset multisystem inflammatory disease
    Neonatal onset multisystem inflammatory disease (abbreviated NOMID, also known as chronic infantile neurologic cutaneous and articular syndrome, or CINCA) is a rare genetic periodic fever syndrome which causes uncontrolled inflammation in multiple parts of the body starting in the newborn period.
  • Small for gestational age
    Small for gestational age (SGA) embryos are those who are smaller in size than normal for the gestational age, most commonly defined as a weight below the 10th percentile for the gestational age.
  • Wilson–Mikity syndrome
    Wilson–Mikity syndrome, also known as pulmonary dysmaturity syndrome, is a rare lung condition that affects low birth weight babies.
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